Lakhpat Fort: Remanent of a Properous Port

Map of Lakhpat Fort
                                                  Map of Lakhpat Fort
Until the Indus shifted course, changing the geography of this region, Lakhpat was a prosperous port near its mouth. These walls, overlooking the Great Rann to the north, were built in 18th century. Inside are the remains of an earlier fort. In the 16th century Lakhpat was known as "Basta Bander". Lakhpat used to be rich growing area. However due to an earthquake in 1819 AD, the area became barren and crops withered away due to lack of water as the river Indus disappeared after the earth quake. A Vast tract of land was bestowed to the Gurudwara to make expenses for maintenance and to look after the visitors. The revenues from the land and the crops grown there have sustained the Gurudwara. Lakhpat is about 20 kms from Korini village where there is a big Sarovar in memory of the visit by Gurunanak Devji to this area. Notable buildings inside the fort are the Kubas of Gaus Mohammad and Pir Kanmal Shah, Hatkeshwar temple and the Gurudwara.
Entrance Lakhpat Fort
                                                 Entrance Lakhpat Fort
Bhuj Varo Nako & Toll Gate:
You are entering just as Camel caravans once did centuries ago, laden with goods destined to be shipped from the Lakhpat port to far corners of the Indian Ocean. This entrance gate in the southern portion of the fort wall on the road from Bhuj was open with a gate on the road just inside the walls. Four other gates service the town along with pedestrian bari, a "window". Here, a toll booth stood ready to collect tolls and customs from visitors and traders before they were allowed access to the rest of the town. Bhungas housed Arab guards nearby, who were employed by the town for protection.
 

Along this road, running north to south was also the original fort wall, believed to have been built by Rao Lakhpatji in the middle of the 18th century. Fateh Muhammed expanded it to its present dimensions in 1801.
Gurudwara Lakhpat
                                               Gurudwara Lakhpat
Gurudwara: A Tikana of the Udasi Sect

The status of this place as Gurudwara is due to its historical associations. Gurudwara Pehli Patshahi meaning the "Gurudwara of the first master" is situated at Lakhpat, visited by Gurunanak Sahibji during his second and fourth missionary journeys (Udasis) in 1506-1513 AD and 1519-1521 AD respectively. Gurudwara Shri Gurunanak Darbar (Pehli Patshahi) has been built to preserve the memory of the revered Guru during the early 1500's. Gurunanak Devji is believed to have visited this site while he was on his way to Mecca during the fourth Udasi. A few rare personal possessions of his are retained here.
Ruins inside Lakhpat Fort
                                              Ruins inside Lakhpat Fort

In the course of Gurunanak Dev’s travel, He visited Gujarat and traveled on to Lakhpat. At that time, Lakhpat was part of Sind (now in Pakistan). To commemorate Gurunanak Dev;s visit to Lakhpat, a Gurudwara was built in the early years of the 19th century. From Lakhpat, Guruji crossed to Somiani port in Sind for his famous journey onward Mecca and medina in Saudi Arabia. It is also believed that Gurunanak Dev stayed at Lakhpat several times while travelling south. The place served as a seat of the udasi sect. Several rare treasures are preserved here at Gurdwara Shri Lakhpat Sahib including the "Charan Paduka" - Khadvas (wooden footwear) of Gurunanak Devji's. It houses relics such as decoratively carved wooden cradle, wooden sandals, manuscripts and markings of two of the important heads of the udasi sect.
Fort Wall bordering the Great Rann
                                             Fort Wall bordering the Great Rann

Initially, the caretakers of the site were drawn from the Udasi sect. Later, the Sikh community from nearby areas & Gurunanak Singh Sabha in the nearby port town of Gandhidham started taking care of the site. Religious rituals take place to keep the historic importance and religious sanctity of the place alive.
 

At present various extensions are being added to the Gurdwara complex and this "Sewa" of additional building of Yatri niwas (visitor's sleeping rooms), Langar hall (Dining hall), Diwan hall (congregation hall)
Tomb of Ghosh Mohammad
                                                    Tomb of Ghosh Mohammad
Ghosh Mohammad Kuba

This tomb commemorates Ghosh mohammad, a holy man revered by both Hindus and Muslims and who lived in Lakhpat in the early 19th century. A student of many religions that flourished in the region, he was known as a great healer and for his songs about Krishna. After Ghosh Mohammad's death around 1855 AD, his brother, Bava Mia began building the tomb, built with traditional flower motifs and inscribed with passages of the Koran, the Kuba has been carved by artisans from the Sompura community. Using the local black stones, Ghosh mohammad's kuba celebrates the traditional Islamic octagonal structure.
Marsh Land Surrounding Lakhpat
                                          Marsh Land Surrounding Lakhpat

The pond facing the Ghosh Mohammed Kuba is believed by followers to have healing properties. According to local legend, the water of the pond changed color when it was blessed by Ghosh Mohammed and, since then, it was believed that sufferers of skin ailments can be cured by bathing in its water.
Abu Tarab Dargah Lakhpat
                                                 Abu Tarab Dargah Lakhpat
Abu Tarab Dargah

Syed Pir Shah Abu Tarab lived in Lakhpat in the late 18th century, and left this world in 1816. The locally quarried and intricately carved lime and stone dargah was built by his followers in his memory after that. Stories of the Pir’s prophesy and miracles abound in Lakhpat and have become part of the popular narratives told by families living here.
Lakhpat Fort and Great Rann
                                         Lakhpat Fort and Great Rann
Talav of Lakhpat

There are three Talavs (Water bodies) inside the fort of Lakhpat- Brahmasar, Nagrai and Champasar. As was the practice in the entire region of Kutch, each was reserved for drinking, washing, and cattle respectively and the top two flowed to fill the third. The Brahmsar Talav was built by followers of Saint Brahmachetanji. This Talav along with the Nagrai Talav, which was built by the Nagar community, receives fresh rainwater and has been a source of drinking water. The Nagrai Talav was used for bathing and washing purposes. The overflow from the Brahmsar and Nagrai Talavs was harvested in the third Talav, Champasar. Built by the Lohana community, water from this talav was used by the cattle and other animals.
Overlooking the Great Rann of Kutch
                                        Overlooking the Great Rann of Kutch

How to reach Lakhpat: Situated 135 km west of Bhuj.
- 2-3 Busses in a day connect Lakhpat to Bhuj. First bus to Lakhpat departs at 6:00 AM in the morning. Alternatively one can take a bus till Dayapar and then hitch-hike or use Khatra for the journey till Lakhpat Fort.

Accommodation: One can sleep in the Yatri Nivas at Gurudwara.

Why lakhpat

Why lakhpat known as ghost town 

 

because i had seen many

because i had seen many ghosts there.. many ghosts living there... one ghost was smoking pot and one was kissing his girl friend...its a well known fact...it will soon be covered by zee news..people are leaving the surrounding areas.. very bad situation, man..

Hi vishnu. Thanks. can you

Hi vishnu. Thanks. can you tell me how to reach this place? (from Delhi?)

From Delhi, you need to take

From Delhi, you need to take a train to Bhuj (there is one train) and then from Bhuj, you can go to Lakhpat using public transport or hire a cab for a day.

+- Vishnu

Dear Vishnu,   Thank you for

Dear Vishnu,

 

Thank you for this article. I would like to know how far is the rann of kutch from lakhpat and what are the means of commutation? We have planned a trip to rann of kutch and wish to stay as close as possbile to the rann and Lakhpat seems the closest.

Lakhpat Fort lies very close

Lakhpat Fort lies very close to Rann of Kutch but its not white Rann.. White Rann is in the north of Bhuj near Dhordo. Lakhpat is not closest to white rann of kutch. for that, you should stay near Dhordo.

+- Vishnu

Hi! A very well written and

Hi! A very well written and detailed article you have written It has been ofmuch use to me. But if possible, can you provide me some more details about the trade and commerce that was carried on in lakhpat since the ancient times till it ruined? It is a really intriguing point, as it is directly connected to the gulf of khambat, which has been a hub for internationqal as wellas inland trade. Please do tell if possible.

Thank you,

Priyang

Hi Priyang, Unfortunately i

Hi Priyang,

Unfortunately i am not a historian so my inputs might not be very convicing. I think Lakhpat was once a major port and hub for trading but no idea on the details of trading. Now its a deserted fort.

+- Vishnu

so nice this histrory 

so nice this histrory 

Thanks.. Keep dropping by.

Thanks.. Keep dropping by.

i like lakhapat 

i like lakhapat 

Yes. i also liked it a lot.

Yes. i also liked it a lot.

Respected Nameste Good

Respected

Nameste

Good excised but some history is need to research.Lakhpatji was ruler of kutch in 1752-1761.He did not built Lakhpat.The tax income was 8 lakh kori and its call Lakhpat.Vasta bunder was far from lakhapat.The fort is built in 1801 by Jamadar Fatehmohmed who was Wazir of kutch in the time of Maharao Raydhanji!s brother yuvraj Pruthvirajji.The incruption is in the Jageswar Mahadev temple.The fort wall is 6 k.m. long with 4 gate and 2 window.The bhujvalo nako is not original.The fort start to build in 1801 and finished in 1807. and earthquake came in 1819.So main gate bhujvalo nako collaps.Than they built new gate later.

with warm regards

pramod jethi

Thank you very much Pramod

Thank you very much Pramod Sir for reading this article and adding your expert inputs around this history of Lakhpat fort... Please keep dropping by and add your knowledge about other historical destinations as well.

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