This circuit begins at Dibrugarh in Assam. It takes you to the part of north-east India with the northern most tip, jutting into China.
The lower Dibang Valley district, with its headquarters at Roing, was carved out of the undivided Dibang valley district with effect from 16th December 2001. It forms a part of Eastern Arunachal Pradesh. It is named after the river Dibang- one of the important tributaries of the Brahmaputra. Lower Dibang Valley is bounded in the north by the Dibang valley district, in the east by Lohit district, with China in the north-east, in the west by the Eastern and upper Siang district. Being adjacent to Assam, this district has many gradients. It rises from the Himalayan foothills to the middle ranges with Mayudia being the highest point at 2655m. This is nature's homeland. Snow-capped peaks, turbulent frothy rivers, mystic valleys, an abundance of rich flora and fauna and its charming people: that is your reward for simply landing in this district. And its green, everywhere you look- almost 80 percent of the area is notified as reserved forest, wild life sanctuaries and unclassified state forests. Rivers around here are Talo (Dibang), Lthun, Ason, Chipu, Aba-Jowro, lphi, Ihi (Sisiri), Datung, Emeh-Eze (Deopani). then there is history: ancient archeological sites bring back hundreds, if not thousands of years. And Adventure is in every path you take off the car. Lower Dibang is populated mainly by the Mishmi and Adi tribes. The area under Roing, Dambuk and Koronu circles are plain lands, whereas the area under Desali and Hunli circles is hilly terrain.
The Dibang valley district sits atop the Lower Dibang valley district, and is the largest district in the state with an area of 9, 129 sq km. it is also the least populated district in India with a population density of just one inhabitant per sq km. The two districts were carved out of the Lohit district in June 1980. and in December 2011. It was bifurcated. The Dibang river originates from the mountains in China and flows through the length of the valley which is named after it. The headquarter of this district is Anini. This district comprises the northernmost point of Northeast India.
The Mishmis (Idu) are the biggest tribe in the area. The Mishmis's first migration is an interesting story, with the names and locations of the twelve rivers that they came over to settle mentioned. The first accounts of the Mishmi are found in narrations by the neighbouring Ahoms. The Mishmi inhabited the deep jungle is what is now the Dibang Valley.
Understandably, the district is rich in wildlife, rare mammals such as Mishmi Takin, Red Goral and Gongshan Muntjac can be seen, and you can also see the rare sclater's monal bird. A new type of flying squirrel has been discovered from this district. It has been renamed as Mishmi Hills Giant flying squirrel. The Dibang wild life sanctuary, spread over 4,149 km is an incredible storehouse of flora and fauna.
Dibang Valley is a place of enchanting beauty-snow peaks in view, rugged mountainsm breathtaking valleys, deep gorges, mesmerizing waterfalls, several natural lakes and the meandering rivers and streams. The best time to be here is between November and March. The area is generally inaccessible between may and September/October. Temperature range from below zero in winter to 36 degree in Summer.
Roing: This is a picturesque town in Lower Dibang Valley by the side of Dibang River and is administrative headquarters of the district. All basic amenities for the tourists are available here. The valley's prime attractions, natural and archeological are nearby and you can mostly visit them in day trips or a couple of days at best. The Nehru Van Udyan, a beautiful forest park on the riverbank at Deopani has a well maintained garden and an orchidarium. This is a must-see. Orange orchards against the undulating landscape on the way to Roing to Bismaknagar, are the beautiful sight and it is pleasant to walk through the orchards. You can also see the Baily bridge on Deopani River and tribal villages of the Idu Mishmi community.
If you are going to Roing, you would come by road from Tinsukia via Dhola and Sadiya. You cross the mighty Brahmaputra while traveling from Tinsukia via Dhola Ghat/Sadiya Ghat to Roing. In case you are doing the other circuits, you can also come from Tezu via Sunpura road or from Pasighat via Dambuk and Nijomghat. The distance of Roing from Tezu is about 100 km. Busses ply regularly across the routes, as do private taxis.
Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary and Lake (17 km from Roing): This is spread over an area of 281.5 sq km with altitudes varying from 400 m to 3368 m. It is the home of some rare species like Wild duck, takin, hoolock gibbon, tiger, leopard, Red panda, Elephant etc. A vast lake of about 4 sq km forms part of the sanctuary. The surroundings of the lake are extremely rich in flora and fauna. Water of the lake is absolutely crystal clear and a walk around this natural lake is a divine pleasure.
Sally Lake resort is 3 kms from Roing and forms a part of Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary. It is natural lake surrounded by thick vegetation. The lake overlooks the beautiful valley down below on the far horizon and the gushing Dibang River spreading its branches in multiple directions. Watch beautiful fish in the clear waters of the lake. you can stay at Sally lake tourist lodge.
Mayudia (56 km from Roing): This is a hill resort at an altitude of about 8000 feet offering breath-taking views of the lofty hills and the lush green forest around. The place is tranquil and the views of snow-capped mountains add serenity to the environment. The ascending drive from Roing to Mayudia along the winding twelve necked point (Baro Golai) of the road offers a sense of adventure. Mayudia, at 56 km from Roing, is the closest snowfall region in the winter. An hour and a half drive will take you there.
Bhismaknagar (30 km from Roing): This is the oldest archeological site, linked to mythology in Arunachal Pradesh. The ruins of the "Hill Fort" made up of burnt bricks dates back to 12th century AD. The fortress extends over an area of about 10 sq km and has an elongated semi circular shape. The fort was excavated during 1969-1973 which yielded terracotta plaques, decorative tiles, potteries, terracotta figuries etc. The artifacts throw light on the rich history of the area. Bhismaknagar finds reference in Bhagwat Geeta and the Mahabharta. The Idu mishmi tribe is associated with the legend of Lord Krishna and Rukmini, king Bhismakar's daughter. It is believed that Rukmini belonged to this tribe. Popular legends and traditions identify the ruins of the fort as the site of the capital of Raja Bhismaka.
Hunli (90 km from Roing on the way to Anini): This is a quaint town situated in the picturesque scenic valley. Nestled in a beautiful valley at an altitude of 5000 feet, this town is a sub-divisional headquarter. On your drive from Roing to Hunli you cross the Mayudia Pass at an altitude of 8800 feet on roads that provide thrill and eye catching scenic beauty.
Cave temple at Kupuli: A two hour trek from Hunli will take you to this interesting cave temple. This is a place where the tribals pay their religious respects. The circuit house located on the ridge giving splendid view of the valley will ensure that you would cherish every moment of you stay at Hunli.